Key Stage 3 Science

 

Quick Links...

Hints and Tips

What you need for your exams

Past SATs Papers

Revision Materials

BBC Revision Checklist and Tests

Link to SamLearning (online exam paper practice)

Year 9 Healthy Lifestyle - Level Assessed Task

 

 

 

Hints and Tips...

 

To get level 5 or above in Science, you should be able to:

Important things for you to do:

What can help ?

 

 

What you need to learn for your Exams...

Click here for a simplified revision checklist

  1. Look through this list.
  2. Think about each word or sentence as you look through
  3. Print off a copy of this revision list,
  4. read the details of each line in your revision book,
  5. then tick off each line to show you've read about it.

KS3 SATs BIOLOGY

Life & Cells: 7 life characteristics
Cells (Animal Cells, Plant cells)
Special Cells
 
Humans as organisms

Digestion: Food break down,

  • Digestion stages: Mechanical, chemical, absorption, egestion
  • Parts of the digestive system : gullet, stomach, intestines, etc
  • Nutrients: Carbohydrates, fats, fibre, minerals, vitamins and water.
  • Balanced diet: A diet containing all these nutrients
     

The circulatory system: heart pumps blood around body in vessels

  • Blood: Red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma and platelets.
  • Arteries: take blood away from heart, veins: return it to heart

Skeleton = bones connected by joints

  • Functions of the skeleton: support, protection, movement.
  • Movement: muscles contract

Reproduction: New baby after 9 months from fertilised egg

  • foetus connected to the placenta by an umbilical cord.
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Adolescence: change into adulthood.
  • Male reproductive system: sperm, sperm duct, the urethra, penis and testis
  • Female reproductive system: ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina.

The breathing system: Parts of the breathing system: the trachea, bronchus,

  • bronchioles, lungs alveoli (air sacs).
  • Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place in alveoli
  • Respiration: Oxygen + glucose gives carbon dioxide + water + energy
  • Difference between inhaled an exhaled air
  • Inhaling: thorax becomes bigger; Exhaling: thorax becomes smaller

Health. Microbes: bacteria viruses cause disease

  • Natural immunity
  • Immunisation/ vaccines
  • Antibiotics
  • Drugs & Medicines
  • Smoking
Green Plants: Plant organs + functions
  • Photosynthesis
  • Importance of minerals and water to plants
  • Flower Organs
  • Pollination
  • Fertilisation in plants (ovule + pollen grain)
     
Variation Variation = differences. Caused by inheritance and environment.
  • Discontinuous and continuous variation
  • Classification: Grouping based on features. Examples: vertebrates, invertebrates
  • Vertebrates = birds, fish, mammals, reptiles, amphibians
  • Identification keys
     
Ecology: Habitats, ecosystem
  • Environmental factors: light, pH, temperature, etc
  • Adaptations (to habitats, to daily and seasonal changes)
  • Competition
  • Populations and limiting factors (disease, food, light , predator - prey relations,etc)
  • Food chains
  • Producers, primary consumers, secondary consumers in food chains, predators and prey in food chains
  • Toxic materials in food chains
  • Pyramids of number
     

KS3 SATs CHEMISTRY

 
Classifying materials
  • States if matter: solid, liquid, gas
  • Changes of state: melting points, boiling points
  • Particle theory: matter is made of particles which explain changes of state
  • Density: measure of how heavy. density = mass / volume
  • Elements: simple substances everything is made of , about 100, listed in the Periodic table
  • Atoms make up elements
  • Symbols: shorthand for writing elements, e.g. Na, C
  • Types of elements: Metals & non- metals
  • Compounds: made of two or more elements chemically combined
  • Formulae, word equations and symbol equations are used to represent compounds and reactions.
  • Mixtures: 2 or more elements mixed and not chemically combined
  • Separating mixtures: filtration, distillation, chromatography
Changing materials:
  • Physical changes: No new substance is made (e.g. changes of state, dissolving).
  • Dissolving: Solute (solid) + Solvent (liquid) = Solution
  • Solubility: A measure of the amount of solid which can dissolve.
    Solubility is affected by temperature and other factors.
    - dilute solutions
    - saturated solutions
    - insoluble
  • Weathering: Breakdown of surface rock. Weathering can be
    physical (freeze - thaw, onion skin) chemical (acid rain) or
    biological. Types of rock: Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic
  • The Rock Cycle
  • Chemical changes: produce new materials, caused by chemical reactions
    - have reactants and products
    - plastic, fibres, ceramic are useful products of chemical reactions
  • Chemical reactions:
  • Mass conservation: In a chemical reaction,
  • the total mass of material stays the same
  • Chemical reactions form most materials, also take place in our bodies Metals corroding, fuels burning and food spoilage are results of chemical reactions
  • Burning fossil fuels:
    such as coal, oil and gas affects the environment - such as global warming
Chemical Patterns:
  • Metals:
    Metals react with oxygen, water, acids and oxides
  • The reactivity series: a list of metals ranging from the most to the least reactive; Shows that some metals are more reactive than others.
  • pH
    Solutions may be acidic, neutral or alkaline.
  • The pH scale: a measure of the strength of an acid or alkali
  • Acids
    Acid + base = salt + water (Neutralisation)
    Acid + metal = salt + hydrogen
    Acid + carbonate = salt + water + carbon dioxide
  • Uses of Neutralisation:< acid soil treatment, treating indigestion
  • Environmental acids: such as acid rain cause weathering, corrode metals

KS3 SATs PHYSICS

Electricity
  • A complete circuit is needed for current to flow
  • Series circuits, Parallel circuits
  • Ammeters are used to measure current
  • Voltmeters are used to measure voltage
  • The battery supplies energy for the current
  • Current is the same in all parts of a series circuit
Magnetism
  • Magnetic materials are attracted to magnets
  • Magnetic fields
  • Magnetic Poles (like poles repel, unlike poles attract )
  • Electromagnets and their uses
Forces:
  • Speed is distance travelled per second:
  • Speed = distance / time
  • Mass: how much matter an object contains
  • Weight: force of gravity on the object
  • Gravity (downward force)
  • Balanced & unbalanced forces
  • Representing forces with arrows
  • Friction / air resistance
  • Moments: turning force (moment = force x distance from pivot)
  • Pressure: force acting on a particular area
    Pressure = force / area
    Smaller areas have more pressure
Sound, Light and waves
  • Light travels in straight lines
  • Shadows
  • Reflection: Mirrors reflect light regularly
  • Rough surfaces scatter light
  • Luminous objects (how seen) : by light reflected into eyes
  • Non-luminous objects: seen by light from luminous objects
  • The spectrum - ROYGBIV
  • Red objects absorb all colours and reflect only red
    (same goes for how we see other colours)
  • The colour of an object also depends on the colour of light falling on it
  • Colour filters (how they work)
  • Black reflects no colours (absorbs all)
  • Refraction
     
  • Sound Sound is made by vibrations How the ear works (ear drum vibrates, etc..)
  • Sound is measured in decibels Prolonged, loud sounds damage hearing
  • Sound needs a medium to travel (cannot travel through a vacuum)
  • Light travels much faster than sound
  • Increasing amplitude increases loudness Increasing frequency increases pitch Sound can be reflected (echoes)
Energy:
  • The sun as the original source of all energy on earth
  • Renewable and non - renewable energy resources such as
    Fossil fuels, biofuels, wind, waves.
  • Generating electricity using energy resources
    Heat flows due to temperature differences
    The difference between heat and temperature
  • How heat moves: conduction, convection, radiation, evaporation
    Law of energy conservation: energy can change into different forms, But is never lost
     
  • Earth and Space
    The solar system
  • Gravity holding planets in orbit
  • The earth rotates causing night and day
  • The earth orbits the sun having effects such as
    - seasons
    - different apparent positions in the sky
  • Other planets and bodies in space are seen by the sun's reflected light
  • Satellites and their uses

 

Past SATs Papers...

 

Year

Tier 3-6

Tier 5-7 Mark Scheme
2003 Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) 2003 MS
2004 Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) 2004 MS
2005 Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) 2005 MS
2006 Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) 2006 MS
2007 Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) Paper 1 (1 hour) Paper 2 (1 hour) 2007 MS

 

Key Stage 3 - Level Threshold Tables

(You will need Adobe Acrobat to read the papers. Use the link below to obtain Acrobat Reader free.)

 

Useful Revision Materials...

 

BBC KS3 Bitesize - Science

Revision of Biology, Chemistry and Physics

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks3bitesize/science/
Sciber Monkey - Revision Materials for Pupils and teachers http://www.scibermonkey.org/
   
Year 7 - What you need to know for each unit
Word Document - With National Curriculum Levels
Year 7 Level Ladder
Year 8 - What you need to know for each unit
Word Document - With National Curriculum Levels
Year 8 Level Ladder
Year 9 - What you need to know for each unit
Word Document - With National Curriculum Levels
Year 9 Level Ladder
Sc1 - What you need to know for each unit
Word Document - With National Curriculum Levels
Sc1 Level Ladder
   
Doc. Browns Biology Quizzes http://www.docbrown.info/ks3biology/ks3biology.htm
Doc. Browns Chemistry Quizzes http://www.docbrown.info/ks3chemistry/ks3chemistry.htm
Doc. Browns Physics Quizzes http://www.docbrown.info/ks3physics/ks3physics.htm
Doc. Browns General Science Quizzes http://www.docbrown.info/ks3intsciquiz/ks3intsciquiz.htm
   
Interactive Past SATs Exam Questions http://www.egueye.fsnet.co.uk/mainp.html
   

KS3 Science Revision Checklist

(from BBC)

Keep track of your revision! Print this sheet out, tick off the Revise Bites as you complete them, and record your Test scores in the boxes next to them

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks3bitesize/sitemap/science.pdf
Biology Questions for Test Sheet (above) http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks3bitesize/science/biology/index.shtml
Chemistry Questions for Test Sheet (above) http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks3bitesize/science/chemistry/index.shtml
Physics Questions for Test Sheet (above) http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks3bitesize/science/physics/index.shtml
   
   
   

 

Smoking Project (Oct-Nov 08)

National Health Service - Help to start smoking http://gosmokefree.nhs.uk/quit-tools/downloads/
Basic information on dangers of smoking http://www.dangersofsmoking.co.uk/The_Dangers_Of_Smoking.html
Passive Smoking http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/1114132.stm
Smoking and Children http://www.childrenfirst.nhs.uk/families/features/parenting/smoking_dangers.html
   
   

Year 9 Level Assessed Task (Nov 08)

BBC Website - Health and Disease http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks3bitesize/science/biology/health_intro.shtml
Basic information on dangers of smoking http://www.dangersofsmoking.co.uk/The_Dangers_Of_Smoking.html
BBC - Healthy Lifestyle http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/healthy_living/
Information on Alcohol http://www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk/vtc/20050114/Science/Keystage3/Lifeprocessesan/abuseofal/introduct/MainSession.htm
   
   

 

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